History of the Velosolex

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Solex with roller

The first prototype of Velosolex is completed in 1941.
It has an engine of 38 cm³ on a part cycles bicycle man with closed framework. The color is already the black with nets gold.

The version which was selected for the preproduction, and which will be preserved for the first models, has a  different framework. It is made open of a single tube in swan neck. After a few years of tests and development, the first Solex model come on the market in 1946. The ccm of the engine is increased to 45 cm³ to deliver a power of 0,4 CV to 2000 tr/min..  

The following years, some improvements will be carried out conerning the framwork. The most important modification occurs in 1951 with the addition of a central crutch and a traction lever of the engine fixed on the cylinder head.

From 1954, the models are defined by numbers, as the 330 which differs from its predecessor by a buckled plate luggage stand and an engine of a cubic capacity carried with 49 cm³. The power is now 0,5 CV.

The model 660 is selled in 1956. It is equipped with a new whole tallies with footrest and the design of the motorization part changes slightly : the tank and the protection of the magnetic wheel are ribbed and the headlight integrated into the hooding of the engine.

In 1957 the 1010 arrive on the market. The framework is identical to that of the 660 but the engine was worked over again : new piston unit – rolls, enlarging of the air filter and exhaust in a big S.

The Solex 1010 are equipped into 1959 with wheel with 550 and will take the designation 1400.
The new dimension of tire 1 ¾ X 19 will remain standard until the last 3800.

In 1960, the automatic clutch fact are appearance on the model 1700. The cooling of the engine necessary at this time when the motor is on without moving is carried out by air pushed by means of wings positioned on the magnetic wheel. The capacity of the tank is increased to 1,4 liters.

The S2200 is produced since 1961. It is equipped with a system of suppression and its power engine is increased by 0,5 to 0,7 CV. 

The S3300 has the 3rd model of framework, from now on rectangular and out of flanged and welded sheet. It is presented at the public in 1964. The mudguards before and back remain those of an S 2200.

The S3800 of 1966 is an S 3300 with an engine giving a little more couple. The mudguards are ribbed on each side and the filter air carries a label S 3800 writing in white on red bottom.

For the first time in the history of Solex, this model is available in a dress blue and red for the S 3800 " luxe", and in white for the S 3800 " super luxe ". The tires are with white sides. 

The S 3800 will be produced until 1988 and will undergo evolutions like the addition of an accelerator, handles right and  reflectors.

In 1971, Solex produces the 5000 in parallel with the S3800. It is a version equipped with small wheels of 16 inches, mudguards out of stainless steel and of a raised handlebar. It is available in blue, yellow, orange and white. The tank and the magnetic flying mask are on all the white plastic versions.

The 5000 also exists in foldable version, Plisolex. It is equipped with a hinge on the central beam of the framework which makes it possible to fold up it and with an engine quickly dismountable.

Solex With Cardan Joint

The Flash arrives in 1968. Finished the transmission by roller ! This original machine is equipped with a transmission by Cardan joint and a back brake with disc. There will be 3 versions of it : the first without suspension with front brake with shoes, then one with a front suspension with thorough wheel provided with a drum brake, and finally the Flash will take the name of 6000 while being equipped with a telescopic fork.

Solex With Chain

Range Tenor is launched in 1973 and is available in various completions :
  • R deprived of back suspension.
  • L standard available in blue, yellow and orange.
  • S only delivered in yellow and equipped with a handlebar bracelet, indicators and of a large saddle.
  • a model with limp manual speeds, S4, is also available.

They are been driven by engines Franco Morini which will be replaced except for S4 by Anker-Laura engines. The models will take designation GL and GS.

In 1974, Motobécane takes the direction of Solex and stops the marketing of the various models of Solex except for the S 3800. 

In 1947, BP creates the SOLEXINE. This gasoline-oil mixture was especially concepted for the vehicles of the Velosolex mark.


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